Universality and its difference from Globalization
Sunday, 07 October 2007
The wave of globalization that overwhelms the world, is re-organizing it according to its perspective. This fact has led to social upset and has turned into the great query of the reasoning man, who is righteously worried about the possible levelling of all his personal data.
Globalization is a term that renders the modern financial imperialism. It is also the alteration of the term “universality” , which means regarding mankind as a life whole that needs help and protection at its weak points. Although both notions mean “colectiveness“, the former term – “globalization” makes use of colectiveness for its own profit, using as an argument the ideology of “universality“.
Globalization is a modern idea that externalizes the idea of Universality at a level adapted to the mentality of modern man. Since the interests of the individuals tend to be related to financial and self-centered issues, consequently the dominant idea of the time has taken as well the tendency that characterizes modern society.
Every epoch is characterized by an Idea, which influences societies to the extent that it re-shapes people’s behaviour and generates modifications and variations to their cultural tradition. This fact, which is differently expressed in every epoch, is not questioned as long as our traditional customs appear in variations at different points of our own country. This is due to the fact that people, because of their personal will, modify each idea and thing according to their personal data.
Manifested life springs from the Ideas and takes its course according to them. Certainly, this happens imperceptibly and one becomes aware only after years and years, when the idea displays its consequences at all levels of life. The development of ideas, either universal or individual, represents the aim of life. “Everything that is, was, and will be, eternally is, even the countless forms, which are finite and perishable only in their objective, not in their ideal Form. They existed as Ideas, in the Eternity, and when they pass away, will exist as reflections. Neither the form of man, nor that of any animal, plant or stone has ever been created, and it is only on this plane of ours that it commenced “becoming” i.e., objectivising into its present materiality, or expanding from within outwards, from the most sublimated and supersensuous essence into its grossest appearance.“(S.D. I, 282) In other words, the world is transferred from the plane of Ideas and noumena, into the world of phenomena. Whatever exists in the visible Nature constitutes objectivizations of invisible causes-ideas.
The World developed out of its Ideal plan, which is preserved in Eternity and that coincides with the conclusions of the highest Western philosophy, which are Plato’s “innate, eternal and self-existent Ideas“.
According to Plato, the Idea is a ray from the plane of Archetypes, it belongs to the intelligent world and it is the expression of the Good. However, evey idea, also a virtue, is “the nature of symmetry“. Virtue is the idea to which corresponds the greatest amount of spirituality. Wherever an idea is born, there is symmetry too. When the idea reaches the human dimension, it loses the measure and its balance and is turned into a personal opinion that is very far from its archetype.
According to Ancient Wisdom, there is a Monadic Idea, the one that Plato called Agathon (Good) and others called Divinity or Love. This is the idea from which mankind originated, it is this idea that should dominate on our planet and it also represents the aim of our human life. Each of us, under the cycle of life and death, based on the laws of Karma and Re-incarnation, should become aware – through self-willing and self-determined actions and repeated efforts – the Archetypal Ideas and apply it into the world of the tangible. That is, become a virtuous and wise man.
During this continuous effort experience, man – with the help of religion, initiation and personal trial – learns to distinguish the idea from its falsification. And this happens with the continuous and ceaseless appearance of the Idea in our world, presented by means of a prophete, an initiate or a Son of God, and which – by providing man with a necessary pattern, ensouls and urges him to implement it.
Thus, 2.000 years ago appeared the Idea-Love through the Christian doctrine, and under the shape of forgiveness, love for thy neighbour and charity, has determined the behaviour of mankind for the last two thousand years. In an almost similar way, Buddha sends the message of love, sacrifice and compassion, putting the head of the prey into the mouth of the lioness, because she had priority to survive in order to raise her cubs. The spiritual doctrines cannot be very different from one another, because they all emanate from One Source, which is the Divine Wisdom. They only appear differentiated, wrapped in those aspects that mankind needs each time in her current evolution.
Until now, man was taught to love his own people, family, personal friends and whatever represents his personal world. The modern spiritual current, which is “brotherhood of men“, teaches him to embrace with impersonal love larger and larger groups of life, to peacefully enroll among them, to behave brotherly and in co-operation with the others. It trains him in view of offering, selflessness and sacrifice of the personal for the benefit of life as a whole. Altruism and compassion emanate from deep belief in the invisible link that brings together all manifested existences which, different as they may seem, are similar in essence.
The notion of love was always the filtre of co-existence, colectiveness, sacrifice and duty. And by the end of the previous century, this Universal Idea re-appeared as the idea of the Unity of Life and Brotherhood of men through the Movement of Modern Theosophy. Upon this metaphysical reality was based the idea of modern Universality, which constituted the foundation of Internationalism and Globalization.
The fundamental Theosophical view is that there is a Monadic Principle, which is present in everything and comprises everything. This Principle is the cradle of the emanated life, which – scattered -displays within the universe everything that exists, either perceived or not. This initial unity defines the kinship of the manifested things and determines the brotherhood of men and respect towards any life kind. From this Idea, called Theosophical Idea, emanates modern ethics that urges towards colectiveness, co-existence, solidarity, understanding, acceptance, co-operation, tolerance, sacrifice for the fellow-man regardless of race, colour, nation or religion, and dissuades from separateness, fanatism, bigotism and dogmatism.
According to Ancient Wisdom, “It is the omnipresent Reality: impersonal, because it contains all and everything. Its impersonality is the fundamental conception of the System. It is latent in every atom in the Universe, and is the Universe itself.“(S.D. I, 273) This Impersonal and Ever-present Reality determines “The radical unity of the ultimate essence of each constituent part of compounds in Nature – from Star to mineral Atom, from the highest Dhyan Chohan to the smallest infusoria, in the fullest acceptation of the term – this is the one fundamental law in Occult Science.“(S.D. I, 120) It is unquestionable that, on these modern spiritual values, were founded the outstanding Institutions and politicians or philanthropic Societies such as the UNO, UNESCO, …, and many other non-governmental groups that are stimulated and inspired by the spiritual idea of unity. Belief in the invisible unity of life has founded the tendency for brotherhood of nations, close co-operation between countries, abolition of borders, economic unification and fraternization of religions. The tendency of the unifying message is to bring people together into a universal family, where every person should be able to recognize his inner kinship and his spiritual origin, and thus understanding, to have compassion for those more immature brothers who are still suffering from dissent, bigotism and dogmatism.
Manifested life is a totality of smaller individual lives, which share a common starting point and a similar spiritual and material essence. The matter that constitutes the bodies of the Greeks is not different from that which builds the bodies of the Chinese, Americans or Australians. There is One God for the whole universe and the laws of Nature are the same and have the same effect everywhere on our planet. What changes is the way each of us externalizes this effect. It is to this very differentiation of expression that the dispute of men and the decrystallization of personal opinion are due. Personal de-crystallizations are the cause of discord, dogmas, fanatism and animosity.
Therefore, the Idea of Love and Unity of Life is revealed in order to soothe the contradictions and remind man that he is part of a larger life group, which is mankind, and that each mankind is part of a larger family, our Solar system. This represents a part of our Galaxy and its enlargement continues covering larger and larger portions within our manifested World.
The esoteric idea of unity establishes our universal family, each member of which is closely related to the rest of the members, to such extent that the progress of one depends on and goes along with the other. This fact creates by itself the obligation of co-existence and the duty of mutual support and mutual understanding among us.
However, it is the inevitable fate of every genuine Idea to become an earthly idea and serve human purposes and individual needs. But even then, it is a new breath that – stirring the marsh of egocentrism – urges man to think, to judge and struggle for whatever he considers his values. It is through this continuous disillusionment due to his personal opinions and interests, that man ends up to distinguish true and eternal ideas. Those that are beyond ulterior motivation, personalities, interests and frugal satisfactions.
Religion, motherland, language, customs, family, are all instant representations and periodical phenomena human soul goes through for the sake of its spirirtual evolution. They are all based on the One Eternal Principle and are all temporary projections in the world of illusion, having the sole aim to build an appropriate setting in view of individual experience.
As for religions, the Idea of Unity and of Love, the Universal Theosophical Idea does not abolish, neither does it homogenize them. Each religion is a ray from the Creator, who is One for the entire mankind and plays its training part at each epoch and for each nation and race. The aim of the Unifying Idea, today called Universality or Modern Theosophy, is co-existence of religions, that is every man’s right to worship God in his own way, without being persecuted by those who possess another way of worship. By the term Universal Religion, it is meant the worship of One God, by means of every past, present and future religion. Religions are fraternized and not enemies, and he who penetrates the diversitiy of manifested faith, discovers the unity of hidden life.
As for customs and tradition, since they are extentions of initiation and religion that penetrated community and human mentality, should not be regarded in a different way from the religions. There is no such thing as uniqueness in this world. There are only the different aspects of the Monadic Principle, that are periodically presented to man and teach him how to think and act in various ways. According to the law of Re-incarnation, man appears on earth several times through different nations, religions and continents. Were he to remember and be aware of that, man would neither display attachment nor fanatism for what is temporarily his possession.
Universality means co-existence and not separateness, it means respect towards other people’s rights and not their rejection. We do not reject the other, just because their personal data are different from ours. We accept them as they are, without allowing it to alienate our own data, and we let the Law of harmony function, as it is the only one to know what belongs to each of us.
The message of Universal Fraternity was established at the threshold of the Age of Aquarius, under the form of Modern Theosophy. This happened 120 years ago. During this time, it has penetrated our communities so as to establish the world politically, socially, economically and culturally. The winning over of the universal Idea and its utilization for selfish purposes do not alienate its training aim, which is the human approach to situations through an enlarged consciousness and a more altruistic attitude and action.
The aim of the Theosophical Idea, which is the foundation of Universality, is that every good and pure man, every race, should be able to aknowledge the other as a similar outcome of the Eternal Cause.(Olkott) According to the Masters of Wisdom, “The term “Universal Brotherhood” is no idle phrase.… It is the only secure foundation for universal morality. If it be a dream, it is at least a noble one for mankind: and it is the aspiration of the true adept.” (Mahatma Letters to A.L.Sinnett, Letter 5th.)